The photos in this list were taken in the catchment and are the copyright of either Ed Frazer and Dale Borgelt, as shown. The list has 4 categories:

1. Swallowtails

2. Whites and Yellows

3. Nymphs (Nymphalidae)

4. Blues, Skippers and Moths

1. SWALLOWTAILS  (Papilionindae)
Species  Common name and size 
Scientific name
Other names

Similar species
also found in the catchment 

Host plants (caterpillar)  Notes and recommended plantings 
© Ed Frazer 

Blue Triangle (m) 60mm
Graphium sarpedon 
See Pale Triangle

Litsea reticulata
Cryptocarya spp
Clerodendron spp

Cinnamomum camphora 
Beilschmiedia elliptica 
B. obtusifolia
Geijera salicifolia
Neolitsea dealbata
Plant native laurels:
  • Cryptocarya spp
  • Bolly Gum (Litsea reticulata)
  • Hairy leaf Bolly Gum (Neolitsea dealbata)
The photo of the male shows him being amorous! He hides long feathery "hairs" in the upper margin of his hind wings.
These may help disperse pheromones to the female. 
© Dale Borgelt 

Blue Triangle (f) 60mm
Graphium sarpedon  
© Ed Frazer  

Chequered Swallowtail (m) 75mm
Papilio demoleus 
None  Cullen tenax 
Occasionally Citrus australasica 
Plant Emu foot (Cullen tenax) in full sun

Found along creeks in drier areas 
© Ed Frazer 

Chequered Swallowtail (f) 75mm
Papilio demoleus 

© Ed Frazer

Clearwing Swallowtail (m) 80mm
Cressida cressida
Greasy Swallowtail
Big Greasy 
See Dainty Swallowtail
See Glasswing
Aristolochia meridionalis
Pararistolochia praevenosa
Plant Birdwing Butterfly Vine (Pararistolochia praevenosa)

Males fly slowly over breeding areas looking for females

The females fly close to the ground and come to rest frequently

Common butterfly


© Ed Frazer

Clearwing Swallowtail (f) 70mm
Cressida cressida
Greasy Swallowtail
Big Greasy
© Dale Borgelt 

© Ed Frazer

Dainty Swallowtail (m & f) 70mm
Papilio inactus
Dingy Swallowtail
Small Citrus Butterfly 
See Clearwing Swallowtail above  Citrus australis 
Geijera parviflora
Plant Australian Round Lime (Citrus australis

© Dale Borgelt

Four-barred Swordtail (m) 53mm
Protographium leosthenes 
None  Melodorum leichhardtii 
Plant Zig Zag Vine (Melodorum leichhardtii )

Can also be grown as a flowering and fruiting shrub

Female lighter brown, similar pattern 

© Ed Frazer
Fuscous Swallowtail (m) 85mm
Papilio fuscus
Tailed Citrus Butterfly 
See Orchard Swallowtail below Micromelum minutuum
M. ovatifoliolata
Zanthoxylum brachyacanthum

Plant Lime Berry (Micromelum minutum ) 

Common after a wet season. Fly slowly and found often near citrus trees
© Dale Borgelt 

© Ed Frazer 

Orchard Swallowtail (m) 102mm
Papilio aegus
Orchard Butterfly 
See Fuscous Swallowtail above  Citrus australis 
Flindersia bennettiana
F. australis 
F. collina
Geijera salicifolia
Melicope micrococca 
Zanthoxylum smithii
Z. brachyacanthum

Recommended plants: 
  • Crow's Ash (Flindersia australis )
  • Bennett's Ash (F. bennettiana)
  • Leopard Ash (F. collina) 

Often seen in gardens with Citrus trees

© Ed Frazer 

Orchard Swallowtail (f) 110mm  See Clearwing Swallowtail
See Dainty Swallowtail 
Female in photo is laying eggs on an Orange tree
© Dale Borgelt 

© Ed Frazer 

Pale Triangle (m) 59mm
Graphium euryplus
Pale Blue Triangle
Pale Green Triangle

See Blue Triangle  Melodorum leichhardtii 
Polyalthia nitidissima 
Annona reticulata
Recommended plants:
  • Zig Zag Vine (Melodorum leichhardtii)
  • Canary Beech (Polyalthia nitidissima) 
Newly emerged can be so blue that they can be mistaken for Blue Triangles

Their colour fades after just a few days, (shown in the second photo)

Common Name and size
Scientific name 
Other names

 Similar species
also found in the catchment

 Host plants (caterpillar) 
 Notes and recommended plantings


© Ed Frazer

Black Jezebel (m & f) 56mm 
Common Jezebel
Delias negrina
See Jezebel Nymph (Mynes 
) in the Nymphs section
Several mistletoes  Not common in the catchment. Migrates up from NSW in the Autumn and often flies with the more common Scarlet Jezebel. Appears black when flying, in contrast with the Scarlet Jezebel, which looks white when flying 

© Ed Frazer

Cabbage White (m & f) 44mm
Pieris rapae
See Pearl Whites  Brassicas  Pest species introduced 
© Ed Frazer

Caper Gull (m & f) 43mm
Cepora perimale
Australian Gull
Northern Gull 
See Yellow Albatross female
See Caper White below
Capparis arborea
C. velutina 
Recommended plants:
  • Caper Bush (Capparis arborea)
  • Velvet-leaved Caper Berry (Capparis velutina)
Has more spots than Yellow Albatross female

© Ed Frazer

Caper White (m) 55mm
Belenois java
See Jezebels  Capparis arborea   Plant Caper Bush (Capparis arborea) 

The strong yellow colour shown in the female photo
fades quickly after hatching              

© Ed Frazer

Caper White (f) 55mm
Belenois java

© Ed Frazer

Large Grass-yellow (m & f) 37mm
Eurema hecabe
Common Grass-yellow 
See Small Grass-yellow  Acacia irrorata
A. maidenii
A. melanoxylon
Breynia oblongifolia
Senna acclinis
Sesbania cannabina

Plant Wattle (Acacia spp

© Ed Frazer

Lemon Migrant (m) 58mm
Catopsilla pomona
Cassia Butterfly
White Migrant
See Yellow Migrant 
Cassia spp
Senna spp
Breed only in the wet season

Very large migrations take place during warmer months

Present and common most of the year in the catchment 

 © Ed Frazer

Lemon Migrant (f) 58mm
Catopsilla pomona
Cassia Butterfly


© Ed Frazer
No-brand Grass-yellow 36mm
Eurema brigitta 
See Small Grass-yellow  Chamaecrista nomame
One of the three common Grass-Yellows in the Catchment

Common in pasture areas

© Ed Frazer

© Ed Frazer

Scarlet Jezebel
Delias argenthona
Northern Jezebel 
Spotted Jezebel
See Jezebel Nymph (Mynes
) in the Nymphs section
Several Mistletoe species  Retain trees with Mistletoe

Display red and yellow colours when wings folded

Underside is black and white

© Ed Frazer

Small Grass-yellow (m & f) 33mm
Eurima smilax
See Large Grass-yellow  Cassia spp
Senna spp

Grass-yellows are easily recognised by their size and colour but individual species are difficult to identify in the field 

© Ed Frazer 

Southern Pearl-white (m) 38mm
Elodina angulipennis
Common Pearl-white
Narrow-winged Pearl-white  Capparis arborea 
C. velutina 
Plant Caper Bush (Capparis arborea) 

© Ed Frazer

Southern Pearl-white (f) 38mm
Elodina angulipennis
Common Pearl-white 

© Ed Frazer 

Yellow Albatross (m) 53mm
Appias paulina
Common Albatross 
See Cabbage White  Drypetes deplanchei Plant Yellow Tulip (Drypetes deplanchei

© Ed Frazer 

Yellow Albatross (f) 53mm
Appias paulina
Common Albatross
See Caper Gull  Female is very similar to the Caper Gull 

© Dale Borgelt

Yellow Migrant (m & f) 56mm 
Catopsilia gorgophone
See Lemon Migrant  Senna spp  Yellow Migrant has white upper forewing

This species has re-established in the Catchment in recent years, especially in the Gap Creek Road area

3. NYMPHS (Nymphalidae)

Common name and size
Scientific name
Other names

Similar species
also found in the catchment 
 Host plants (caterpillar) Notes and recommended plantings 

© Ed Frazer

© Ed Frazer

Australian Painted Lady (m & f)
Vanessa kershawi
None  Chrysocephalum apiculatum 
Helichrysum apicualtum 
Plant everlasting Yellow Buttons (Chrysocephalum apiculatum)

Very common 

© Ed Frazer

Blue Tiger (m & f) 72mm
Tirumala hamata 
None  Secamone elliptica 
Plant Cork Vine (Secamone elliptica)

Large migrations of the species occur in some years

In other years is it not common in the Catchment 

© Ed Frazer

© Dale Borgelt

Border Rustic (m & f) 53mm
Cupha prospe 
None  Scolopia braunii Not a common species in the Catchment but has made a comeback with the planting of the Flintwood Tree (Scolopia braunii) on several properties

© Ed Frazer
Brown Ringlet (m & f) 31mm
Hypocysta metirius
Common Ringlet 
See Grey Ringlet
See Orange-streaked Ringlet 
Cynodon dactylon 
Oplismenus hirtellus
Ottochloa gracillima
Green Couch (Cynodon dactylon) is widespread in the catchment so no planting is needed

© Ed Frazer

Common Crow (m & f) 72mm
Euploea core
Oleander Butterfly 
See Crow Moth
See White-banded Plane 
Carrisa ovata
Ficus rubiginosa
Ficus virens 
Marsdenia fraseri
Parsonsia brisbanensis
P. straminea
Secamone elliptica

Recommended plants:
  • Currant Bush (Carissa ovata)
  • Rock Fig (Ficus rubiginosa)
  • White Fig (Ficus virens)
Very common and adapted to introduced Apocynaceae (Oleanders and Frangipani)

© Dale Borgelt

© Ed Frazer

Evening Brown (m & f) 63mm
Melanitis leda  
See Leafwing  Themeda triandra Plant Sedges (Carex spp) in damp areas

Some C. appressa varieties are suitable in drier areas

Kangaroo Grass (Themeda triandra) is a perennial tussock and can be grown from seed

The Evening Brown lies in the leaf litter during daytime and is well camouflaged

If disturbed it flies a short distance and then settles

© Ed Frazer

Glasswing (m & f) 56mm
Acraea andromacha
Little Greasy
Small Greasy
See Clearwing Swallowtail  Passiflora aurantia
P. herbertiana

Afrohybanthus stellarioides 
Fly continuously just above the ground

Caterpillars feed on exotic passionfruit 

© Ed Frazer

Grey Ringlet (m & f) 31mm
Hypocysta pseudirius
Dingy Ringlet
See Brown Ringlet  Themeda triandra Lays eggs on Kangaroo Grass (Themeda triandra

© Dale Borgelt

Jezebel Nymph (m & f) 57mm
Mynes geoffroyi guerini
White Nymph

Black and Red-banded Jezebels  Dendrocnide photinophylla
Pipturus argenteus
Plant Native Mulberry (Pipturus argenteus)

Often found along streams 

 © Dale Borgelt

Leafwing (m & f) 65mm
Doleschallia bisaltide
Australian Leafwing
See Evening Brown  Brunoniella spp
Pseuderanthemum variabile
Plant Love Flower (Pseuderanthemum variabile), a ground
cover from the African Violet family

© Ed Frazer

Lesser Wanderer (m & f) 60mm
Danaus chrysippus petilia
See Monarch
Daniad Eggfly 
Tylophora grandiflora
Gomphocarpus physocarpus
Thrives on the exotic Swan Plant (Gomphocarpus physocarpus) and introduced milkweeds

© Ed Frazer

Meadow Argus (m & f) 43mm
Junonia villida calybe 
None  Goodenia rotundifolia
Plantago spp
Verbena spp 
Does well on a number of introduced garden plants and weeds so no need for further planting of host plants 

© Ed Frazer

Monarch (m & f) 93mm
Danaus plexippus
Wanderer Butterfly
Milkweed Butterfly
See Lesser Wanderer  Gomphocarpus fruticosus
Gomphocarpus physocarpus
Asclepias curassavica 
Breeds on Swan Plant (Gomphocarpus physocarpus) and Milkweeds introduced into Australia 

© Ed Frazer

Orange-streaked Ringlet 35mm
Hypocysta irius
Northern Ringlet

See Orange Ringlet below Grasses  Found in grassed areas adjacent to forest

Has larger eyespots than other Ringlets 

© Ed Frazer

Orange Ringlet (m & f) 30mm
Hypocysta adiante
Dusky-bordered Ringlet
See Orange-streaked Ringlet above Themeda triandra Plant Kangaroo Grass (Themeda triandra) and other grasses 

© Ed Frazer

Purple Crow (m & f) 60mm
Euploea tulliolus
Eastern Brown Crow
None  Trophus scandens subsp scandens
Plant Burny Vine (Trophus scandens), a large woody climber from the fig family with red edible fruit 

© Ed Frazer

Tailed Emperor (m & f) 85mm
Polyura sempronius
None  Mostly Mimosaceae and Caesalpiniaceae
Celtis spp.
Caterpillars feed on a wide range of plants but favour Wattles, Cassias and Sennas

Very large butterfly that looks more like a Swallowtail than a Nymph

Widespread but not common

Gender indeterminate
© Ed Frazer

© Ed Frazer

Varied Eggfly (m) 76mm
Hypolimnas bolina
Common Eggfly 
Daniad Eggfly (m) outerside view  Alternanthera denticulata
Pseuderanthemum variabile
Sida spp
Hygrophila angustifolia
Plenty of host food in the area so no need for plantings

Male smaller and differs substantially from female

Males establish territories on edge of bush close to larval food plants

© Ed Frazer
Varied Eggfly (f) 86mm
Hypolimnas bolina
Common Eggfly
Daniad Eggfly (m) underside view
Females usually found flying near food plants 

© Ed Frazer

White-banded Plane (m & f) 57mm
Phaedyma shepherdi
Common Aeroplane  
See Common Crow
See Crow Moth 
Aphananthe philippinensis
Brachychiton acerifolius 
Celtis paniculata 
Ehretia acuminata

Recommended plants:
  • Native Elm (Aphananthe philippinensis)
  • Illawarra Flame Tree (Brachychiton acerifolius)
For a smaller tree use Native Celtis (Celtis paniculata)

Distinctive gliding flight

© Ed Frazer

© Ed Frazer

Yellow Admiral (m & f) 50mm
Vanessa itea
Australian Admiral
None Pipturus argenteus
Urtica incisa 
Plant Native Mulberry (Pipturus argenteus)

Found around creeks and damp slopes

Also frequently found heads down on rocks or trees in forested areas
4. BLUES (Lycaenidae), SKIPPERS (Hesperiidae) and MOTHS
Common name and size
Scientific name
Other names

Similar species
also found in the catchment
 Host plants (caterpillar) Notes and recommended planting 


© Ed Frazer

Cycad Blue (m & f) 24mm
Theclinesthes onycha

Wattle Blue (Theclinesthes miskini Macrozamia spp and exotic Cycads  Feeds on the newly emerged leaves of a wide range of

Quite destructive

Larvae occasionally attended by ants

Hint: if Cycad Blue caterpillars are destroying fresh shoots on your garden cycads, check the new fronds daily and scrape the eggs off with your fingernail. For more hints about control see 
Annette McFarland's gardening website

© Ed Frazer

Common Grass Blue (m & f) 23mm
Zizina labradus
Common Blue
Spotted Grass-Blue  Wide range of legumes including garden
beans and lucerne 
Larvae occasionally attended by ants 

© Ed Frazer

Common Pencilled-Blue (f) 31mm
Candalides absimilis
Pencil Blue 
Dark Pencil-Blue  Alectryon coriaceus
A. subcinerus 
Atalaya salicifolia
Brachychiton acerifolius
B. populneus 
Callerya megasperma 
Cupaniopsis anacardioides
Flagellaria indica
Harpullia pendula
Macadamia spp

Caterpillars eat a wide range of plants including:
  • Wild Quince (A coriaceus)
  • Flame Tree (B. acerifolius)
  • Kurrajong (B. populneus)
  • Native Wisteria (C. megasperma)
  • Both species of Queensland nut (Macadamia spp)

© Ed Frazer

Indigo Flash
Rapala varuna  
None  Alectron tomentosus
Alphitonia excelsa
Cupaniopsis anacaroides
Jagera pseudorhus

Feeds on flowers and flower buds and a wide range of plants including Foam Bark (Jagera pseudorhus) and Lychees (Litchi chinensis

© Ed Frazer
Plumbago Blue 23mm
Leptotes plinius
Zebra Blue
Plumbago Argus
None  Plumbago zelanica  Garden plumbagos are also host plants 

© Ed Frazer

© Ed Frazer

Small Dusky-blue 22mm
Candalides erinus
See Varied Dusky-blue  Cassytha filiformus  Dodder Laurel (Cassytha filiformis) is a parasitic vine that can smother plants

It has small fruit that is eaten by Mistletoebirds

© Dale Borgelt

Small Green-banded Blue (m) 30mm
Psychonotis caelius 
None  Alphitonia excelsa Plant Red Ash (also known as Soap Tree) (Alphitonia excelsa)

Found in wet shady areas 

© Ed Frazer
Varied Dusky-blue 28mm
Candalides hyacinthina
Common Dusky-blue
See Small Dusky-blue  Cassytha spp.  Dodder Laurel (Cassytha fiiformis), recorded in the MCC,  is a hemiparasitic vine and probably the local host of this species
SKIPPERS (Hesperiidae)


© Ed Frazer

Dingy Grass-skipper 30mm
Taxidia peron
Large Dingy-skipper
Other Grass-skippers  Various grasses  Found in the same long grass areas as the Grass-darts but
much larger and less colourful 

 © Ed Frazer

Narrow-brand Grass-dart (m & f)
See Wide-brand Grass-dart  Grasses  Very small species found in open grass areas adjacent to
Eucalypt forest

© Ed Frazer

Pale Orange Darter 29mm
Telicota colon
Pale Darter

Southern Sedge-darter  Panicum
Larger than the Grass-darts

Upper-side wings lighter
© Ed Frazer

Splendid Ochre (m) 38mm
Trapezites symmomus
Symmomus Ochre
Ochres  Lomandra longifolia  Plant Spiny-headed Mat Rush (Lomandra longifolia)

Much larger than most other Skippers 
© Ed Frazer

Splendid Ochre (f) 38mm
Trapezites symmomus
Symmomus Ochre 

© Ed Frazer

Wide-brand Grass-dart (m) 22mm
Suniana sunias
Orange Dart
Dark Grass-dart  Megathyrsus maximus  Found in open Eucalypt forest particularly in areas of long uncut grasses 

© Ed Frazer

White-banded Grass-dart (m & f)
Taractrocera papyria
White Grass-dart 
Large Yellow Grass-dart
No-brand Grass-dart 
Carex polyantha
Cynodon dactylon
Imperata cylindrica
Microlaena stipoides
Poa labillardieri 
Found in areas of Bladey Grass, Couch, Tussock Grass and Sedges
MOTHS (Butterfly mimics and day-flying species) 


© Ed Frazer

Anthela sp. 70cm

Several similar species  Unknown  Night flying

Adult does not feed

Caterpillar is hairy 

© Ed Frazer

Arch Moth (m & f) 60mm
Bracca matutinata
  Not known  Has a resemblance to the endangered Laced Fritillary Butterfly, which also has many black spots.

Caterpillars are very colourful.

Night flying but found during the day in dull weather in rainforest

© Ed Frazer

Crow Moth (m & f) 45mm
Cruria donowani 
See Common Crow Butterfly  Hibbertia obtusifolia  Black, brown and green caterpillar feeds on Guinea Flower (Hibbertia obtusifolia)

Mimics the Crow Butterfly 

Day flyer

© Ed Frazer
Heliotrope Moth (m & f) 40mm
Utetheisa pulchelloides
Salt and Pepper Moth 
None  Echium plantagineum 
Heliotropium eurpaeum
Feeds on Patterson's Curse (E. plantagineum), Heliotrope and several other Boraginaceae plants from which it obtains poisons

Day and night flying moth which looks like a butterfly when in flight

Migrates extensively, even to New Zealand

© Ed Frazer


© Ed Frazer

Joseph's Coat Moth (f) 70mm
Agarista agricola
Painted Vine Moth
None  Clematicissus opaca
Cayratia clematidea 
Caterpillars are black and white with two yellow bands 

© Ed Frazer

Magpie Moth
Nyctemera sp. 
Several similar species  Crassocephalum crepidiodes 
Black-banded caterpillar feeds on Fireweed (C. crepidiodes)  

Wasp mimic

Day flyer

© Ed Frazer

Magpie Moth
Nyctemera secundiana 
  Crassocephalum crepidiodes
Larvae feed on Fireweed (C. crepidiodes)

Day flyer


© Ed Frazer

Orange-Spotted Tiger Moth  30mm 
Ceryx guttulosa 
None  Lichens  Mimics wasps

Found in Eucalypt woodlands and gardens

Caterpillars covered in dense black hairs

Day flyer

© Ed Frazer 

Rectangular-striped Noctuid Moth
Grammodes justa
  Unknown  Found in daylight in grassy areas 

© Ed Frazer
White-banded Noctuid Moth (m & f)
None  Unknown  Adult moths attracted to rotten fruit


Night flyer 

© Ed Frazer

Yellow-spotted Tiger Moth 60mm
Agape chloropyga 

None  Ficus spp.  Grey caterpillar with fine hairs 

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